Want to hop on board a hot new technology? There are plenty of exciting emerging technologies to choose from, which may experience rapid growth in the not-too-distant future.
Navin Reddy mostly works as a corporate trainer, meaning it’s part of his job to understand trends in business and technology.
He also spends time in software development, in particular with Java, and he’s a YouTuber with 355,000 subscribers (his channel is Telusko).
Building off of his Top 5 Technologies in 2018 video, Navin is on the podcast today to discuss seven emerging technologies in tech, what they can be used for, potential roadblocks that still need to be solved, and tips for starting out.
Listen to the episode below.
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1. Internet of Things (IoT)
Nowadays, we have a lot of devices which are connected to each other. But laptops, phones, and tablets are just the beginning.
In the future, you can expect internet connectivity to extend to many more of your household devices. Maybe your AC or your fridge will be connected with your mobile phone or the internet. You might be able to control their settings or be notified of required maintenance by an app—who knows?
However, it happens, it’s fascinating for consumers because you get to see the magic happening in real time. “In 2018, it was awesome. A lot of companies are moving towards IoT,” Navin says.
And from a development standpoint, it’s equally interesting. “Developers will be getting a lot of options,” Navin says. “Instead of just focusing on cloud, just focusing on web development, they can actually think about something to do with household devices.”
Finally, even the planet could stand to benefit from advancements here, as Navin highlights: “Once you see no one is in the office, automatically all the ACs will be off. It will save a lot of energy.”
However, Navin also points out some potential problems that could arise, notably with security. “The devices which we use nowadays, like phones and laptops, have firewalls inbuilt. That's not the case with IoT devices. So anyone can hack your devices. But the companies are working towards fixing it.”
2. Cloud Computing
While cloud computing isn’t exactly the new kid on the block in tech, it has been moving faster recently when it comes to widespread adoption. “One of the benefits [companies get] is they don't have to manage their own resources, they don't have to worry about the people, everything will be handled by these big cloud computing companies,” Navin says.
Operating systems are another area Navin thinks cloud computing could touch in the future. “Nowadays, we install our own OS, and that's why we need heavy hardware. But what if, in future, you don't need to install the heavy OS on your phone or laptop? Everything will be cloud-based. Maybe in future Microsoft will be focusing on cloud OS.”
Lastly, Navin adds, “There is one drawback with cloud computing—the latency issue. But people can come up with solutions. Let's see that how that goes.”
In December 2017 and in January 2018, Navin got many calls from different companies, especially banks, who wanted to implement blockchain, so he devoted time to understanding it and still works with it today to use it within the education industry.
“So the idea behind blockchain is we want to create some database which will be immutable, and no one should be able to change the records,” he explains. “In fact, it is happening with the banks nowadays. Anyone can hack bank records, and government officials have the power to change the data. We don't want that. If the record is there, no one should change it. And that's where blockchain comes into the picture. So, a lot of banks nowadays are moving from their normal database to blockchain database. And next year, it will be booming again.”
4. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
“People have been talking about this one for the last decade,” Navin says. “But things are changing now, thanks to machine learning. In fact, if you heard about Sophia, we have intelligent machines now, which can replace jobs. There's a concept known as RPA, which is robotic process automation—a lot of repetitive tasks are getting replaced by AI now.” It seems inarguable now why machine learning is the future.
You might not even have noticed, but AI might be in your life already. “Gmail is optimized now and acts as a mode of AI. We have Alexa. We have Google Home. You can use those things which are AI, basically. You can ask Google Home, hey, I want to listen to a particular song. That's it.”
5. Big Data
Big data is another industry that has been ramping up for a while but really booming in the last few years. “Every company want to know their customers. They want to keep records about their transactions and activities, and everything is stored in some huge database. That's why we have big data.”
Professionals are needed to sort through that data and glean actionable insights from it, which is why data science will power the future. After all, what’s the point of a new product or software if people don’t want it?
6. AR and VR
Augmented reality and virtual reality may soon change the future of entertainment. “AR and VR will be booming in future, maybe because of game development. That game Pokemon Go was augmented reality and got very famous. In the future, you can expect more games based on AR. VR is also mostly for games, as Facebook is working with Oculus Rift, which is a VR for gamers.”
However, gamers aren’t the only group who will find these developments useful. “A lot of people think that VR will be implemented only for games. But they are not thinking in other sectors. We can also implement VR and AR in education. There's only one drawback of online training over a classroom, which is you cannot connect to your audience very easily.
That's where VR and AR come into the picture. I could record my training video in different angles. So people can wear a VR device and it will look like I'm standing in front of them and talking to them so that it connects with them.”
7. Quantum Computing
Google has been one of the leaders in researching quantum computing. “And they are promising by 2020, they will be launching quantum machines, at least for big companies, or enterprise computing,” Navin says. “If quantum computers come into the picture, it will give a lot of opportunities to other companies to build some services on it. People have not tested it, but some companies like Google are promising it.”
So, how to keep yourself updated and get involved with emerging technologies like this? “The first thing is to stay updated with the websites like TechCrunch,” Navin says. “Follow some YouTube channels, watch the videos, get some ideas, connect with others working on that tech.”
Struggling to narrow down what to focus on? “Look at the future perspective,” Navin says. “The technology which I talked about—IoT, cloud computing, Blockchain, AI, and big data—is not going anywhere, at least for the next five to six years. So choose the technology which fascinates you.”
“Now, how do you know which one fascinates you? Spend one week with each technology. Choose IoT the entire week, spend two hours daily and learn about IoT. From that one week, you can decide if want to continue. Think about some use cases which excite you—what problems you could solve with it in the future. ”
Links and mentions from the episode:
- Telusko on YouTube
- Telusko on Facebook
- Telusko on Instagram
- Top five technologies for 2018
- MIT’s open courseware
- Navin's Python series
- The Verge
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